Nowamagbe A. Omoigui, MD, FACC, MPH



National War College, Abuja, Nigeria

Wednesday, January 19, 2005


Continued from Part 2




  1. Strategy (second revised edition) - B. H. Liddell Hart, Meridian, 1991


  1. Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999, Federal Government Press, Lagos, Part IIIC, p85


  1. The Art of War in the Western World - Archer Jones, Oxford University Press, 1987


  1. Joint Publication 1-02, "DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms. As amended through 30 November 2004


  1. Department of Defense Dictionary of Military Terms; Greenhill Books 1999


  1. Land Operations, Volume I, “The Fundamentals’, A/26/GS/Prg, Publication 2943


  1. Defence Policy and the Royal Air Force, 1964-1970 (Royal Air Force Official Histories) by Anthony S Bennell, Sebastian Cox (Hardcover - May 1, 2004)


  1. Roots of Strategy Book: 4 Military Classics: The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783, Some Principles of Maritime Strategy, Command of the Air, Winged Defense by David Jablonsky. Stackpole Books. 1999.


  1. JCT Downey. Management in the Armed Forces – An Anatomy of the Military Profession. McGraw-Hill 1977






  1. Ikime, Obaro. The Fall of Nigeria. London: Heinemann, 1977






  1. John Keegan.  The Second World War. New York: Penguin Books, 1989




  1. The Cold War: A History by Martin Walker. Owl Books (NY); Reprint edition (June 1, 1995)


  1. The History of The Royal West African Frontier Force, by Col. A Haywood & Brig. F A Clarke. Aldershot: Gale & Polden, 1964.




  1. Daily Service, April 30, 1958


  1. Norman J Miners. The Nigerian Army 1956-1966. Methuen & Co. 1971


  1. JWT Gbor (Ed): Military History. Nigeria from pre-colonial era to the present. Longman 2004


  1. Omoigui. Military Defense Pacts in Africa.


  1. Omoigui.  Public Health implications of conflicts in Africa.


  1. Africa: Secretary-General's Report to the UN Security Council.


  1. African Development Bank:  African Development Report 2001.  Oxford University Press 2001.


  1. Tom Lodge.  Towards an understanding of contemporary armed conflicts in Africa.


  1. Jack Straw: Failed and Failing States.


  1. Samuel Decalo: Modalities of Civil-Military Stability in Africa, Journal of Modern African Studies 27:4 (1989), 547-578.


  1. Hogan, Michael J., Ed.  The End of the Cold War: Its Meanings and Implications.  Cambridge University Press 1992


  1. Rosemary Nuamah (Rapporteur):  Nigeria’s Foreign Policy after the Cold War: Domestic, Regional and External Influences.


  1. United Nations High Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change.


  1. Oduniyi. Halliburton Returns Radioactive Material.


  1. Ogundare. Review of the radioactive waste management system in Nigeria. J. Radiol. Prot. 23 43-51.


  1. Al Qaeda in Nigeria.


  1. Omoigui: Civil-Military relations, NWC Lecture, 2003




  1. Vogt. The Organization of African Unity (OAU) and Conflict Management in Africa.


  1. Personal communication. Col. MD Dikio (rtd). 


  1. United States Department of State. G8 Pledges to Pay for Training for Peace Support Operations.


  1. IISS. The Military Balance 2003-2004. Oxford University Press. 2003


  1. Obasanjo Lauds ECOWAS' Peace Initiatives. This Day (Lagos).


  1. Personal communication, Maj. Gen. AN Bamalli




  1. AIDS Among African Militaries Concerns Former Top U.S. Commander.




  1. Rocky Williams. African Armed Forces and the Challenges of Security Sector Reform.


  1. T. Neethling. Non-Traditional Military Tasks:  The Defence Force in Policing and Peacekeeping.


  1. Iweze:  Peace-Keeping as a Military Operation. NWC Lecture 1998.


  1. Mansoor, Peter R. The GI Offensive in Europe: The Triumph of American Infantry Divisions, 1941-1945. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas;


  1. Roland G. Ruppenthal, Logistical Support of the Armies, Volume I (Washington D.C., Center of Military History, United States Government Printing Office, 2000), 331. 


  1. Nigeria in International Peace Keeping: 1960-1992 by M. A. Vogt & A. E. Ekoko (eds)


  1. Force Structure:,


  1. New PLA Force Structure by Dennis J. Blasko.


  1. Military Doctrine, Force Structure, and The Defense Decision-Making Process.






  1. Army Modernization Plan.




  1. Special Operations Forces: Force Structure and Readiness Issues.


  1. Kennedy G.  The Economics of Defence, Faber and Faber, London 1975


  1. Information from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI),


  1. Budget Office of the Federal Ministry of Finance, Nigeria.










  1. Plowden Committee report of 1961 (UK). House of Commons Command 1432, June 1961.


  1. Public Discussion on the New Chapter for the Strategic Defence Review (14 Feb 2002).


  1. []


  1. []. 


  1. (Part III, Section C, 217 (2))


  1. Chapter II (19)


  1. Copper law.


  1. Copper Law. 








  1. General Sir Frank Kitson. Low-intensity Operations: Subversion, Insurgency and Peacekeeping. Faber and Faber, 1971.


  1. Robert B. Asprey, "War in the Shadows, The Guerilla in History", William Morrow, 1994. Authoritative survey from Darius the Great to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan.


  1. International Court of Justice report.


Hartley, Keith; Sandler, Todd. The Economics of Defence Spending: An International Survey. Routledge, 1990. 


Hartley K and Sandler T. "Defence and Peace Economics: A Ten-Year Retrospective", Defence and Peace Economics, 11,1, pp 1-16, 2000


Hartley K and Sandler T (eds). "Handbook of Defence Economics", Handbook in Economic Series, North Holland, 1995.


Tactics of the Crescent Moon: Militant Muslim Combat Methods

by H. John Poole, Ray L. Smith (Foreword). Posterity Press (MD) (October, 2004).


Combat Leader's Field Guide (Combat Leader's Field Guide)

by Brett A. Stoneberger. Stackpole Books; 12th edition (February 1, 2000).


Military Power: Explaining Victory and Defeat in Modern Battle

by Stephen Biddle. Princeton University Press. 2004.


The Lessons of Terror: A History of Warfare Against Civilians

by CALEB CARR. Random House Trade Paperbacks; Random Hou edition (March 11, 2003).


Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War

by Robert Coram. Little Brown, USA. 2002.


Leadership: The Warrior's Art 

by Christopher D. Kolenda, et al. Army War College Foundation Press (July 1, 2001).


Makers of Modern Strategy from Machiavelli to the Nuclear Age

by Peter Paret (Editor), Gordon A. Craig (Editor). Princeton University Press (March 1, 1986).


Special Forces Guerrilla Warfare Manual

by Wimberley Scott.  Paladin Press; Reissue edition (March 1, 2000).


Terrain and Tactics (Contributions in Military Studies)

by Patrick O'Sullivan. Greenwood Press (September 30, 1991).


Supplying War: Logistics from Wallenstein to Patton

by Martin van Creveld. Cambridge University Press (December 12, 1979).


The Fifty-Year War: Conflict and Strategy in the Cold War

by Norman Friedman.  Annapolis, Md.: Naval Institute Press, ©2000.


The American Way of War: A History of United States Military Strategy and Policy

by Russell Frank Weigley. Indiana University Press paperback ed edition (September 1, 1977).


On War 

by Carl von Clausewitz. Penguin Books; Abridged Ed edition (June 1, 1982).


The Nature of War in the Information Age: Clausewitzian Future (Strategy and History Series)

by David J. Lonsdale. Taylor & Francis. 2004.


Airland Combat: An Organization for Joint Warfare

by Thomas A., III Cardwell. Maxwell AFB, AL, Air University Press, 1993.


Ayers, James R. Military Operations Other Than War In The New World Order: An Analysis of Joint Doctrine for the Coming Era. Wright Patterson AFB, OH, Air Force Institute of Technology, May 1996.


McKnight, Clarence E. Control of Joint Forces: A New Perspective. Fairfax, VA, AFCEA International Book Press, 1989


DeGovanni, George. Air Force Support of Army Ground Operations: Lessons Learned During World War II, Korea, and Vietnam. Carlisle Barracks, PA, Army War College,  March 1989


Holmes, James M. The Counterair Companion: A Short Guide to Air Superiority for Joint Force Commanders. Maxwell AFB, AL, April 1995.


Mahan on Naval Warfare: Selections from the Writings of Rear Admiral Alfred T. Mahan

by Alfred T. Mahan, Allan Westcott. Dover Publications Inc. 2005.


Blitzkrieg to Desert Storm: The Evolution of Operational Warfare

by Robert M. Citino. Univ. Press of Kansas. 2004.


A War of a Different Kind: Military Force and America's Search for Homeland Security

by Stephen M. Duncan. Naval Institute Press (April 1, 2004).


The Defense Policies of Nations: A Comparative Study

by Douglas J. Murray, Paul R. Viotti (The Johns Hopkins Univ. Pr. Paperback - August 1, 1994)


Defence Policy and the Royal Air Force, 1964-1970 (Royal Air Force Official Histories)

by Anthony S Bennell, Sebastian Cox (Hardcover - May 1, 2004)


European Union and National Defence Policy (State and the European Union)

by Anand Menon (Editor), Jolyon Howarth (Editor) (Hardcover - May 1, 1997)


British Defence Policy: Striking the Right Balance

by John Baylis. Palgrave Macmillan. 1989.


Science and Mythology in the Making of Defence Policy

by Margaret Blunden, Owen Greene. Brassey's Defence Publishers, 1989.


To Live in Peace: Australia's Defence Policy

by Michael O'Connor (Melbourne University Press. Paperback - May 1, 1986)


British Defence Policy since 1945 (Documents in Contemporary History)

by Ritchie Ovendale. Manchester University Press. 1994.


Campaigns for International Security: Canada's Defence Policy at the Turn of the Century (School of Policy Studies)

by Douglas Bland, et al (McGill-Queens University Press. Paperback - April 1, 2004)

The Government's Defence Policy Discussion Paper: Issues and Directions Derek Woolner, Gary Brown, Dr Gary Klintworth. Foreign Affairs, Defence and Trade Group
15 August 2000.

Gregory, S., 2000, "The French Military in Africa: Past and Present", African Affairs, Vol.99, pp.435-448.


French Defence Policy into the Twenty-First Century

by Shaun Gregory (Palgrave Macmillan. Hardcover - November 4, 2000)


Modern Chinese Defence Policy: Present Development, Future Directions

by Rosita Dellios. St. Martin's Press - March 1990.


"The Processes of Budgeting for the Military Sector in Africa" - Omitoogun, W., SIPRI Yearbook 2003, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, pp. 261-278.